Picture of Sebastian Kapfer

Sebastian Kapfer

Research Interests

  • Melting in two dimensions
  • Global-Balance Monte Carlo algorithms (Event-chain Monte Carlo)
  • Granular Matter from the Statistical Physics perspective
  • Minkowski tensors and other shape metrics
  • Stochastic geometry

My profile on Google Scholar

Address:

Institut für Theoretische Physik 1
Staudtstr. 7
91058 Erlangen
Germany

Office: Building B3, Room 02.573
Phone: +49 9131 85 28448
Fax: +49 9131 85 28444

e-mail: sebastian.kapfer@fau.de

Recent projects

Cuddling Ellipsoids

Locally densest configurations of ellipsoids

Using simulated annealing, we explored the locally densest packing motifs of aspherical particles, generalizing the well-known kissing problem. Depending on the particle aspect ratio, different optimal structures are observed. In extended disordered packings of frictionless particles, knowledge of the minimal packing volume allows us to apply k-Gamma theory. Moreover, we find that approximate icosahedral clusters are found in random packings, while the optimal local structures for more aspherical particles are not formed.

  • Schaller, Fabian M. and Weigel, Robert F. B. and Kapfer, Sebastian C.
  • Densest Local Structures of Uniaxial Ellipsoids
  • Phys. Rev. X 6, 041032 (2016)

Cell-veto Monte Carlo

In recent work with M. Michel and W. Krauth, I introduced a new paradigm to construct Monte Carlo algorithms of the event-chain type for generic interactions. These algorithms break several of the fundamental principles of Metropolis Monte Carlo algorithm: they obey global balance instead of detailed balance, are free of rejections, intrinsically generate cooperative cluster moves, and evolve the system along a continuous time coordinate! Algorithms of this type can significantly reduce autocorrelation times in MC computations. Intriguingly, the factorized acceptance rule also allows us to rigorously include long-range interactions such as Coulomb forces without the conventional Ewald summation. This significantly improves the scaling with system size, permitting access to larger system sizes.

The reference implementation can be found on Github.

  • Sebastian C. Kapfer, Werner Krauth
  • Cell-veto Monte Carlo algorithm for long-range systems
  • Physical Review E 94, 031302 (2016)

Melting of two-dimensional soft quasicrystals

Dodecagonal quasicrystal puzzle tiles

Quasicrystals include additional degrees of freedom (phasons) over the ones known from periodic crystals (phonons). How these lead to new kinds of topological defects is currently being investigated.

Postscript code for driving a lasercutter to produce the above puzzle.

Software

Some programs that I wrote over the years:

postlhc: Manyparticle Monte Carlo code implementing the cell-veto and event-chain algorithms

sphmink: compute 3D spherical Minkowski tensors

Papaya: compute 2D Minkowski tensors

Karambola: compute 3D Minkowski tensors (with Fabian Schaller)

Erpel: a voxel-based finite element code for elastic properties of porous media

voxelsurface: computes a voxelized representation from a triangulated surface

Let me know if you want to reuse any of this, I'm glad to help!

Other materials

Voxelized sheet and network solids from our Biomaterials article

A PDF version of my PhD thesis